Assignment: Annotated Bibliography, Evaluate the features of survey research and survey design.
Assignment: Annotated Bibliography, Evaluate the features of survey research and survey design.
Read the instructions for the final paper to determine the kinds of articles you will need to use as references. Also read the Example Research Proposal provided in the course materials to help you visualize your final paper. Search the Ashford University Library’s databases and the Research Methods research guide to find appropriate peer-reviewed sources for your proposal. Read the selected articles and reread relevant sections of the textbook and the full text of the study you have been working with throughout the course. Using the Sample Annotated Bibliography information and example from the Writing Center as a guide, create an annotated bibliography of the sources you will use in your final research proposal. Assignment: Annotated Bibliography, Evaluate the features of survey research and survey design.
The references in the annotated bibliography must be listed in alphabetical order, formatted in APA style, and published within the past 10 years. All selected sources other than the textbook must be available in full text in the Ashford University Library. After each reference, insert two paragraphs. The first paragraph should summarize the main points of the source, in your own words. Do not use any quotations or verbatim wording from the source for this assignment. In the second paragraph, explain how you will use the source to support your research proposal.
For this assignment, a title page in APA format is required but it is not necessary to include a separate reference page, because the paper itself is the reference page with additional information inserted. If you do include a separate page of references, be aware that it will not be counted towards the required page count. Your paper must be a minimum of four pages (excluding title page) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
** Attached see all the information you need to do this paper.
PSY326 Research Methods Week 4 Guidance
Begin by viewing the video on the Week 4 overview screen. Read Chapter 4 of your textbook. It is also highly recommended that you read the book chapter on non-experimental quantitative research written by Dr. Gabriella Belli. A link to a website featuring this chapter is included in the course materials.
After completing this instructional unit, you will be able to:
· Evaluate the features of survey research and survey design.
· Design a survey project on a topic of interest.
This week, we continue learning about non-experimental research methods with the correlational research design category and survey research. In this week’s discussion, you will design a survey study using one of the approaches presented in Chapter 4, specify a suitable sampling strategy, devise two sample survey questions, consider ethical implications and how to handle them, and explain why the choices you made are appropriate. The quiz, due on Sunday, will cover the non-experimental correlational designs in Chapter 4.
Remember that all discussions should cite at least two scholarly sources, so be sure to search the Ashford Library resources (including the Research Methods research guide) for journal articles that extend the information given in the textbook on survey research. All references should be cited in APA format. See the Ashford Writing Center, under Learning Resources in the left navigation panel, for examples of correct APA style.
The written assignment this week is an annotated bibliography. For the final paper, you will need to have at least six peer-reviewed journal articles plus the textbook for references. Read the instructions for the final paper and look at the Example Research Proposal provided in the course materials to determine the kinds of articles you need, then use the Ashford University Library databases and Research Methods research guide to find the articles.
Prepare the title page for your assignment, then type your references in APA format, and arrange them in alphabetical order by the first author’s last name. After each reference, insert two paragraphs. The first paragraph should be a summary of the main points of the article written in your own words without any quotes from the source. In the second paragraph, explain how you will use the article to support your final research proposal. Assignment: Annotated Bibliography, Evaluate the features of survey research and survey design.
You can find a sample annotated bibliography in the Ashford Writing Center at this link: https://awc.ashford.edu/tocw-sample-annotated-bibliography.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
Here is a video presentation from the Ashford Writing Center on how to do an annotated bibliography.
According to Floyd Fowler (1995), an expert on survey design, a survey is data collection that produces summary information about a study population. Most survey research is quantitative, with the aim of producing statistical results. This is accomplished by selecting a representative sample of the population and asking people questions. Thus, a survey is a self-report measure (Newman, 2016), which allows us to get some insight into what people think and how they perceive things. Surveys can be administered by mail, by telephone, in person, or over the internet. Each approach has advantages and disadvantages. Assignment: Annotated Bibliography, Evaluate the features of survey research and survey design. Assignment: Annotated Bibliography, Evaluate the features of survey research and survey design.
For mail surveys, advantages include relatively low costs (when compared to telephone or in-person interviewing) and privacy for respondents. When asking about sensitive topics, a mail survey is preferred because respondents may feel more comfortable answering questions anonymously. With a mail survey, the researcher is not present and the answers will not be connected to the person who gave them. On the other hand, if the sample is very large and the questionnaire long and detailed, the costs of printing and postage can get quite expensive. Other disadvantages of mail surveys include the difficulty of getting a good mailing list, differences in reading skills among respondents, and a typically low response rate (Dillman, Smyth, & Christian, 2009). Assignment: Annotated Bibliography, Evaluate the features of survey research and survey design.
Telephone surveys used to be very popular and effective. If the researcher has access to random digit dialing equipment, the sampling process is easy. The response rate was very good, until people got Caller ID, so this former advantage may now be considered a disadvantage. An advantage of phone surveys is that more open-ended questions can be asked, and once the interviewer is able to reach and get consent to participate, people tend to be willing to answer most or all of the questions. A disadvantage of the telephone survey is that it is time-consuming. Assignment: Annotated Bibliography, Evaluate the features of survey research and survey design.
In-person interviews can be used in both qualitative and quantitative methods, but they are especially appropriate for qualitative studies. This format allows for the use of open-ended questions and the interviewer can read the body language of the respondent, allowing for follow-up probing to encourage more complete answers. A disadvantage is that sensitive topics may not be able to be addressed because of lack of anonymity. In addition, this approach is expensive and requires more time than the other survey approaches. If you are interested in using a qualitative approach with open-ended questions, you will need to use a qualitative data analysis technique instead of the statistical procedures covered in our textbook. Assignment: Annotated Bibliography, Evaluate the features of survey research and survey design.
Finally, the internet survey approach is gaining in popularity as more people become computer literate. An online survey offers dynamic interaction with respondents, yet is not labor-intensive for the researcher. The cost of setting up a web survey is low, and data can be transferred automatically to the data file used for analysis. Thus, the step of entering data into the statistical analysis software is eliminated, along with the risk of data entry errors. In contrast to the other methods, a well-designed and promoted internet survey can be designed, implemented, and completed fairly quickly. Of course, there are disadvantages, too. There is no control over who actually responds to the survey, even if it is by invitation only. The intended respondent could log in and then hand the computer over to another person to answer the questions. Sampling bias can be a problem, because even though more people have computers and internet access than before, still not everyone has them or uses them, so an internet sample would not be completely representative of the general population. Spam filters may make your survey invitation impossible to deliver to some people, and other technical difficulties may interfere with the completion of the survey. Due to these disadvantages and problems, the response rate may end up being low.
As you read Chapter 4 of the textbook this week, pay careful attention to the information on developing good questions for a survey in section 4.2. In Discussion 1, you will include two sample questions from your proposed survey design. Make sure those questions are not confusing, poorly worded, double-barreled, or leading.
Here is a video that you may find helpful in designing a survey (Howcast, 2010): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SsZySkZ8bRo (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
If you have any questions about this week’s readings or assignments, email your instructor or post your question on the “Ask Your Instructor” forum. Remember, use the forum only for questions that may concern the whole class. For personal issues, use email.
Dillman, D. A., Smyth, J. D., & Christian, L. M. (2009). Internet, mail, and mixed-mode surveys: The tailored design method (3rd edition). Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley.
Fowler, F. J. (1995). Improving survey questions: Design and evaluation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Newman, M. (2016). Research methods in psychology (2nd ed.). San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.