Crime Theories Discussion
1) Describe crime theories that can explain behaviors identified in analysis. Discuss how these theories can be applied. Crime Theories Discussion
*.*Use the GCU Library for sources (https://library.gcu.edu/
***Bachman, R. D., & Schutt, R. K. (2018). The practice of research in criminology and criminal justice (7th ed.). SAGE Publications.
The DQ response must be at least 200 words and should have at least one reference in APA format
2) Write a 100-word response to each student in first person as if you were writing it to the students. Talk about how you agree with their ideas and add your own thoughts. Make sure it’s respectful.
Student 1.The three crime theories are criminological, sociological, and psychological theories. They assist us with clarifying or get things, for example, why certain individuals perpetrate wrongdoings or a greater number of violations than others; why certain individuals quit, and others proceed; and what the normal impact of good families, cruel discipline, or different variables on wrongdoing may be. They assist us with making forecasts about the criminological world: “What might be the normal impact on the manslaughter rate assuming that we utilized the death penalty rather than life detainment?” “What might be the impact on the pace of vandalism related misdemeanors in case joblessness were to significantly increase? “They assist us with getting sorted out and figure out observational discoveries in a discipline. They assist with directing future exploration. Social researchers like crime analysts (who associate their work to speculations in their discipline) can produce better thoughts regarding what to search for in a review and foster ends with more ramifications for other examination. Assembling and assessing hypothesis is subsequently one of the main targets of a sociology like criminal science. (Bachman & Schutt, 2018).
Bachman, R. D., & Schutt, R. K. (2020). The practice of research in criminology and criminal justice (7th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Sage. ISBN-13: 9781544339122
student 2. Gang violence continues to have significant adverse impact on youth, families, and communities across America. Youths are at a higher risk of joining gang if they engage in delinquent behaviors, are aggressive or violent, experience multiple caretaker transitions, or live in communities where they feel unsafe and where many youth are in trouble. This is all caused by learned behavior. Differential association theory proposes that people learn values, attitudes, techniques and motives for criminal behavior through their interactions with others. Criminal behavior can be learned. In 2012, there were an estimated 30,700 gangs, comprised of 850,000 gang members throughout 3,100 jurisdiction, according to the 2012 National Youth Gang Survey. Typical peer-based prevention programs in delinquency and drug use are of minimal effectiveness and conceptually limited in that they fail to address the complexity of the relationship between group associations and delinquency. Associational theories rest on the 1947 work of Sutherland, who postulated nine statements that emphasized that criminal behavior and all other behavior is learned in interaction with other persons, especially intimate groups. Sutherland is known for pioneering sociological studies of professional theft (Sutherland, 1937) and White- collar crime (1940, 1949). He is best known for formulating a general sociological theory of crime and delinquency, the “differential association” theory. To prevent youth from joining gangs community must strengthen as well as improving community-level supervision of youth, communities need to acknowledge and address elevated risk factors for joining a gang.
Edwin H. Sutherland. American Sociological Association. (2020, November 4). Retrieved November 27, 2021, from https://www.asanet.org/about/governance-and-leadership/council/presidents/edwin-h-sutherland.
National Youth Gang Survey Analysis. National Gang Center. (n.d.). Retrieved November 27, 2021, from https://nationalgangcenter.ojp.gov/survey-analysis.
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