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# ​Election Theory Apportionment Project

Election Theory

Apportionment Project

While visiting the planet Mars, scientists discovered a small, isolated region consisting of 45,000 aliens! In order to establish government, U.S. politicians began to divide the region into 10 different states with a total of 30 representatives (not 30 each!). Your duty is to determine how many representatives each state should be apportioned. You will support your decisions from research on apportionment and the U.S. election process.

Part a: Research and report on the effects of apportionment on the presidency. 1.How does the power of the Senate compare to the power of the House of Representatives?

2.Does the number of representatives per state fluctuate with the population of each election year? 3.Which method of apportionment benefits which kind of state (small or large)? 4. Has the apportionment method ever made a difference in who was elected for president? The research paper must be one page typed. A reference page must be attached.

Part b: Create a Timeline that displays the changes and controversies throughout history. Be creative and original. The following questions should be addressed on your timeline: 1.Why and when has the apportionment method been changed? 2. Why has the size of the House been changed? 3. Did paradoxes occur with any methods? Explain.

4. What method is currently being used?

Part c: Develop an excel spreadsheet to do each of the four apportionment methods for the 10 states. The spreadsheet must contain formulas for: Standard Divisor, Quota, Upper quota, Lower quota, each Initial Apportionment, Arithmetic mean, Geometric mean and each Critical Divisor as needed. Also include a statement about which method you will use to determine the apportionment.

You may work with a partner, but your papers and spreadsheet must be done individually. IDENCTIAL PAPERS OR EXCEL FILES will not be graded!

 Research Paper 15 One page typed 10 Reference 5 Timeline (2 pts for each) 10 Excel 30 Accuracy 8 Neatness & Organization 10 Use of formula 12 Submitted draft 3 days before the due date 5 Total Points 60