- From the list below, choose ONE of the questions/problems facing the United States. I have identified the issue and provided you with one or two sources, which you must use in your paper. In one case, I provide an optional source.
- While you may already have a position, do not formulate your conclusion until thoroughly researching a diversity of perspectives on the issue. Practice the critical thinking skills you have learned in this module and keep an open mind.Give yourself over to the research and the process of discovery–about the issue and about yourself. Tompkins shares a lot with her readers, and this in turn strengthens her argument.
- Conduct extensive research on the question/problem (primary, secondary, and tertiary sources) and then narrow them down to best represent a diversity of perspectives in your paper. You are not restricted to U.S. sources.
- Once you determine your conclusion/major claim, identify your audience, which should be uninformedand/or resistant to your position. Like Tompkins, you are going to take them through your research to lead them to your conclusion.
- Use inductive reasoning and Tompkins’ structure as a model for the writing of your essay:
- narrate history and personal relationship (experiential, observational, and or intellectual) to the question/problem;
- establish broader, national context for question/problem;
- present/define question/problem;
- summarize, analyze, and evaluate select research representing a diversity of perspectives;
- synthesize response to research;
- present your conclusion, your resolution or solution to the question/problem (which may side with one or more of your sources), and provide reasons and evidence to support it;
- if applicable, share any new question/s or problem/s encountered as a result of your research and critical thinking (as Tompkins did in her last paragraph).
- Adapt Tompkins’ style and tone with your own; it is particularly effective for a resistant audience, a way of showing (rather than “telling”) and persuading them to arrive at your conclusion. Yes, you may use “I,” as you are taking your audience through your epistemological adventure, but be strategic with it.
- Note: Rarely is this type of argument meant to utterly convince an audience; in fact, it is enough to just get a resistant audience to reconsider their own position/perspective in light of your own. One might also say that many people do not have fully informed opinions on subjects–this paper counters that. Arguments at this level are not about “winning,” and this is not a course in debate.
List of Contemporary Questions/Problems Facing the United States (you must choose one):
While the Grossmont College Databases are excellent and should be used, you should also have no problem finding a plethora of perspectives on any of these current questions and problems.
- Should the United States provide reparations for slavery? “The Case for Reparations” (Links to an external site.) by Ta-Nehisi Coates
- Should Confederate monuments be removed from public spaces? “Confederate Statues Honor Timeless Virtues–Let them Stay” (Links to an external site.) by Arthur Herman
- Migrants at Southern Border. “What We Know: Family Separation And ‘Zero Tolerance’ At The Border” (Links to an external site.) by Camila Domonoske and Richard Gonzales
- Trade Wars. “The President’s 2017 Trade Policy Agenda” (Links to an external site.)
- Is Hip-Hop harmful? Both of these sources must be used: “Can Hip-Hop Inspire a New Generation of Architects?” (Links to an external site.)and “Jazz Trumpeter Wynton Marsalis Calls Rap Music ‘more damaging than a statue of Robert E. Lee’,” (Links to an external site.) by Ben Kaye. One more optional source you might want to include:
Final essay should be:
- a clear response to the directions;
- 8-12 pages in length;
- in correct MLA format and style, including in-text citations and the Works Cited page (do not include a cover page);
- well organized with effective transitions between ideas and paragraphs;
- efficient with regards to close work with sources, including, but not limited to, precise and concise summary and the smooth integration of direct quotes, block quotes, and paraphrases;
- the product of original, deep critical thinking, both with regards to content and form.
- meticulously proofread and primarily free of sentence-level errors;
- contain a minimum of eight sources (including the one I have provided).
make sure it is a unique essay because we use vericite