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Question 1 (2.5 points)

__________ consequences are directly tied to a behavior and help youngsters reflect on how their actions affect others.

Question 1 options:

a)

Deprivation

b)

Exclusion

c)

Natural

d)

Related

Question 2 (2.5 points)

Mr. Brown would like to not only stop the misbehavior he is seeing in his classroom but also get to the cause as well. He may have to:

Question 2 options:

a)

use ultimatums.

b)

consider children’s feelings.

c)

offer rewards.

d)

resort to punishment.

Question 3 (2.5 points)

A(n) _____________ guidance approach using consequences looks for ways to make things right again.

Question 3 options:

a)

authoritative

b)

permissive

c)

constructivist

d)

disciplined

Question 4 (2.5 points)

Jimmy hates school lunches. He is eating one today because he left his bag lunch at home and his mom refused to bring it to school. Jimmy’s mom is teaching him responsibility through a __________ consequence.

Question 4 options:

a)

related

b)

natural

c)

logical

d)

negative

Question 5 (2.5 points)

Which is an appropriate example of a teacher doing to a child what a child has done?

Question 5 options:

a)

The child hits another student, so the teacher hits him.

b)

The child refuses to help clean up his table when asked, so later when he asks for help cleaning up his center so he can go to recess, the teacher will not help him.

c)

The child reaches over and eats another student’s cookie, so the teacher eats that child’s lunch.

d)

The child reads a book while the teacher is teaching, so later when the child is trying to ask for help the teacher acts as if she doesn’t hear him.

Question 6 (2.5 points)

Yesterday Joey threw a fit and broke his crayons. Today he is crying because his crayons are broken. He tells his teacher he will never break his crayons again when he is mad because he doesn’t like coloring with broken crayons. This example describes a child learning from:

Question 6 options:

a)

an exclusion consequence.

b)

a deprivation consequence.

c)

a natural consequence.

d)

negative reinforcement.

Question 7 (2.5 points)

Robbie became frustrated at the sand table and began yelling at the other children there. Robbie’s teacher removed him from the table and told him that he would have to find somewhere else to play until he was ready to play peacefully at the sand table. What type of consequence is this?

Question 7 options:

a)

Deprivation

b)

Natural

c)

Exclusion

d)

Related

Question 8 (2.5 points)

Good __________ consequences don’t work if they aren’t matched to the needs of the child.

Question 8 options:

a)

exclusion

b)

reciprocity

c)

restitution

d)

deprivation

Question 9 (2.5 points)

The two reasons to rely on consequences as discipline are to teach understanding and/or to enforce __________ while working on the cause of a behavior problem.

Question 9 options:

a)

ultimatums

b)

punishments

c)

positive rewards

d)

necessary limits

Question 10 (2.5 points)

Claire would not sit down at the lunch table. When she spilled her milk, the teacher said she could not have more until the afternoon snack. What kind of consequence did Claire have?

Question 10 options:

a)

Corporal

b)

Exclusion

c)

Restitution

d)

Natural

Question 11 (2.5 points)

A child uses materials in a center inappropriately and the teacher explains that he cannot return to that center until he agrees to use them correctly. What type of consequence is this?

Question 11 options:

a)

Deprivation

b)

Natural

c)

Exclusion

d)

Related

Question 12 (2.5 points)

It is important to help children make ____________ in order to learn from related consequences.

Question 12 options:

a)

connections

b)

charts

c)

a mess

d)

amends

Question 13 (2.5 points)

If a child is building a tower that is not sturdy and an adult does not intervene but instead lets the child build until the tower collapses, the adult is allowing the child to learn from a/an __________ consequence.

Question 13 options:

a)

natural

b)

related

c)

deprivation

d)

exclusion

Question 14 (2.5 points)

Kelly is making Sam cry by drawing on Sam’s artwork. Sam and his teacher, Mr. White, have discussed the problem with Kelly, but she refuses to stop. What should Mr. White do?

Question 14 options:

a)

Tell Kelly she cannot use the markers until she is ready to respect other’s artwork.

b)

Tell Sam to continue giving Kelly “I messages” until she stops the behavior.

c)

Send Kelly to time out for five minutes and make her apologize when she returns to the table.

d)

Let the children work out the problem themselves as long as they are not hitting.

Question 15 (2.5 points)

__________ consequences are not imposed by adults, but children learn from them because they are immediate and directly related to the action.

Question 15 options:

a)

Natural

b)

Related

c)

Deprivation

d)

Exclusion

Question 16 (2.5 points)

______________ affect the immediate response, but generally produce long-term, negative effects.

Question 16 options:

a)

Consequences

b)

Ultimatums

c)

Rewards

d)

Punishments

Question 17 (2.5 points)

Teachers can sometimes resort to __________ when imposed consequences lead to a power struggle.

Question 17 options:

a)

negotiations

b)

listening

c)

ultimatums

d)

choices

Question 18 (2.5 points)

When Billy accidentally trips Jenny on the playground, Jenny skins her knee. Mrs. Kelly sends Billy to help Jenny clean up her knee. Mrs. Kelly is giving Billy a __________ consequence.

Question 18 options:

a)

reciprocity

b)

restitution

c)

responsive

d)

relative

Question 19 (2.5 points)

Two second-grade girls are caught throwing wet toilet paper all over the girls’ restroom. What is an appropriate related consequence for the girls?

Question 19 options:

a)

Spending the next day at in-school suspension

b)

Spending outside playtime writing an apology letter to the janitor

c)

Spending the day cleaning restrooms with the janitor

d)

Having a teacher escort them to the restroom for one week

Question 20 (2.5 points)

Brittany is bossing the other students around in the kitchen center and causing a huge fight. If the teacher removes Brittany and tells her that she has to play somewhere else until she is ready to play with the kids at the kitchen center and not boss them around, which type of consequence is this?

Question 20 options:

a)

Deprivation

b)

Natural

c)

Exclusion

d)

Restitution

Question 21 (2.5 points)

One school-wide strategy to eliminate corporal punishment is to:

Question 21 options:

a)

offer parenting classes on behavior management.

b)

address it at PTA meetings.

c)

offer after-school classes for children addressing behavior modification issues.

d)

give incentives to families to change their behavior.

Question 22 (2.5 points)

Praise does not convey unconditional love. Instead, it can make children feel:

Question 22 options:

a)

a false sense of superiority.

b)

insecure and fearful of rejection.

c)

motivated to work harder.

d)

like they have to make great personal sacrifices to gain approval.

Question 23 (2.5 points)

The kids in Miss Ramos’ P.E. class keep folders with their personal records. Nobody else sees them, but each week several students work very hard to beat their own push-up, sit-up, and jump-rope records. These students are displaying __________ motivation.

Question 23 options:

a)

extrinsic

b)

competitive

c)

athletic

d)

intrinsic

Question 24 (2.5 points)

_____________ is still a commonly used school tradition.

Question 24 options:

a)

Reflection

b)

A sticker chart

c)

Card flipping

d)

Time-out

Question 25 (2.5 points)

_____________ is aimed at controlling children’s behavior externally.

Question 25 options:

a)

Negative reinforcement

b)

Giving ultimatums

c)

Behavior modification

d)

Positive reinforcement

Question 26 (2.5 points)

Using praise as a positive reinforcement can have negative effects, such as a child feeling:

Question 26 options:

a)

overly confident and becoming boastful.

b)

he doesn’t need to depend on your for anything.

c)

like he has failed a task if he doesn’t get a compliment.

d)

rushed to complete his task.

Question 27 (2.5 points)

The emotional pain that often comes from punishment is:

Question 27 options:

a)

often more long-lasting than bodily harm.

b)

minor compared to the physical pain.

c)

not something most children dwell on.

d)

helpful in modifying behavior.

Question 28 (2.5 points)

Taking away privileges totally unrelated to a behavior problem is:

Question 28 options:

a)

an appropriate consequence.

b)

an example of using natural consequences to help children learn appropriate behavior.

c)

mistaken by some teachers as a consequence, but it is actually a punishment.

d)

an example of using logical consequences.

Question 29 (2.5 points)

All adults are sometimes pushed beyond their limits. Adults who feel angry may find themselves punishing a child’s behavior instead of:

Question 29 options:

a)

hugging the child.

b)

giving praise.

c)

teaching self-discipline.

d)

using a time-out.

Question 30 (2.5 points)

After Dan drops a glass, his mother calls him “clumsy” while she is cleaning the broken glass from the floor. Dan’s mother is damaging his self-esteem by using __________ punishment.

Question 30 options:

a)

corporal

b)

verbal

c)

physical

d)

controlling

Question 31 (2.5 points)

____________ increases when there is fear of punishment.

Question 31 options:

a)

Fear

b)

Anger

c)

Aggression

d)

Deceitfulness

Question 32 (2.5 points)

Rewards are divided into the following three categories:

Question 32 options:

a)

social rewards, scheduled rewards, and praise.

b)

intangible, tangible, and social.

c)

tangible rewards, praise, and privileges.

d)

praise, scheduled rewards, and privileges.

Question 33 (2.5 points)

Actions that inflict emotional pain are:

Question 33 options:

a)

necessary.

b)

punishments.

c)

consequences.

d)

frowned upon.

Question 34 (2.5 points)

Brain research shows that fear, anxiety, or ___________ have negative effects on
mental growth.

Question 34 options:

a)

stress

b)

humiliation

c)

consequences

d)

punishment

Question 35 (2.5 points)

Positive “I messages” are a form of:

Question 35 options:

a)

praise.

b)

behavior modification.

c)

assertive discipline.

d)

encouragement.

Question 36 (2.5 points)

When Jane reads a book because she thinks the book is interesting and fun to read, she is reading because of __________ motivation.

Question 36 options:

a)

extrinsic

b)

intrinsic

c)

reinforced

d)

necessary

Question 37 (2.5 points)

Ms. Wiggs’ kindergarten class rushes to clean up the room after playtime. They know that if Ms. Wiggs sees them cleaning, she will give good cleaners a sticker. Ms. Wiggs’ kindergartners are cleaning because of __________ motivation.

Question 37 options:

a)

extrinsic

b)

intrinsic

c)

self

d)

necessary

Question 38 (2.5 points)

Sarcasm is:

Question 38 options:

a)

a form of humor that teachers can use to motivate students.

b)

only appropriate to use in middle school classrooms.

c)

funny and makes students laugh at themselves.

d)

often embarrassing to students and never appropriate for a teacher to use.

Question 39 (2.5 points)

Behavior modification is based primarily on the research of:

Question 39 options:

a)

Skinner.

b)

Piaget.

c)

Erickson.

d)

Kohn.

Question 40 (2.5 points)

Points, tokens, marbles, and stickers are all examples of __________ rewards.

Question 40 options:

a)

monetary

b)

intermittent

c)

scheduled

d)

tangible

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