Psychology Multiple Choice Quiz 50 Question.
Psychology Multiple Choice Quiz 50 Question.
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|FINAL EXAMNote: It is recommended that you save your response as you complete each question.|
Your textbook defines psychology as which of the following?
Question 1 options:
|a)The science of behavior|
|b)The study of mental processesPsychology Multiple Choice Quiz 50 Question.|
|c)The study of mental disorders and their treatmentORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED, PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPERS|
|d)The science of mind and behavior|
One morning, Alan wakes to the news that a powerful earthquake occurred in California. “I told you the big one would hit this year!” he exclaims. Alan appears subject to the _____ bias.
Question 2 options:
Dr. Harris is describing the assumptions, rules, and procedures that psychologists use to gather observations. Dr. Harris is outlining the _____ method. Psychology Multiple Choice Quiz 50 Question.
Question 3 options:
Andrea is reading a general, comprehensive explanation of the causes of human aggression in the introduction to a research report in psychology. Andrea is reading a(n):
Question 4 options:
A hypothesis is best defined as a(n):
Question 5 options:
|a)specific prediction concerning the relationship between variables|
|b)specification of a variable in terms of the procedures that will be used to measure it|
|c)broad, general explanation of the phenomenon of interest|
|d)behavior, event, or other characteristic that can assume different values|
Which of the following researchers is conducting a case study?
Question 6 options:
|a)Dr. Henriette, who is measuring how fast a group of students can respond to a stimulus.|
|b)Dr. Innis, who is examining the tactile perception of a blind woman|
|c)Dr. Jenner, who is observing children on a playground|
|d)Dr. Kulik, who is combing through newspaper stories on serial killers|
The number of violent TV shows that a child watches is positively correlated with the aggressiveness of the child’s play. Why might this be?
Question 7 options:
|a)Viewing violent TV causes aggressive behavior|
|b)Aggressive behavior causes viewing violent TV|
|c)There is a third common-causal variable that creates the correlation|
|d)A, B, or C may be correct but the correlation cannot tell us which one is correct|
Which of the following is the goal of experimental research?
Question 8 options:
|a)To assess the validity of a measurement|
|b)To assess the relationships among variables|
|c)To assess the current state of affairs|
|d)To assess the causal influence of one or more manipulations|
Question 9 (1 point)
Psychologists use the term __________ to refer to the pattern of enduring characteristics that lend stability and consistency to an individual’s behavior and serve to differentiate one individual from another.
Question 9 options:
One of the most basic or fundamental of the defense mechanisms involves simply pushing anxiety provoking thoughts into the unconscious. This mechanism is termed ________.
Question 10 options:
According to Abraham Maslow, a major prerequisite for becoming self-actualized is having:
Question 11 options:
|a)all of one’s lower-order needs fulfilled|
|b)a major altruistic streak|
|c)a very selfless nature|
|d)suffered in the past so one can truly appreciate the good aspects of life|
Dr. Handy studies how other people influence our thoughts, feelings, and actions. Dr. Handy studies ____________ psychology.
Question 12 options:
Which of the following is the correct definition of prejudice?
Question 13 options:
|a)A negative (or positive) evaluation of a particular group and its members|
|b)A set of generalized beliefs and expectations about a particular group and its members|
|c)Behavior directed toward individuals on the basis of their membership in a particular group|
|d)Consideration of individuals for their personal qualities and not their membership in a group|
Behavior that helps others but that involves some self-sacrifice is termed:
Question 14 options:
Which of the following comments is most likely to be made in a group characterized by groupthink?
Question 15 options:
|a)“I’m glad that we are again in agreement about this decision”|
|b)“Let’s consider the situation one more time from a different perspective.”|
|c)“I think we need to get an outside expert to help us.”|
|d)“Let’s take a short break before we continue.”|
Your text states that “group members will work harder if they feel that their contributions to the group are known…” Keeping group member contributions identifiable may therefore guard against:
Question 16 options:
|b)the dominant response bias|
Which of the following terms best captures the meaning of the term abnormal?
Question 17 options:
|d)All of these capture some part of the meaning of abnormal|
Which alternative correctly pairs a component of the bio-psycho-social model of illness with an example?
Question 18 options:
|a)social – irrational thought patterns may be related to depression|
|b)biological – excesses of the neurotransmitter dopamine may be implicated in schizophrenia|
|c)psychological – schizophrenia is more common in low-SES communities|
|d)All of these are correctly paired|
Which of the following pieces of evidence support the inclusion of a social component in a model of illness?
Question 19 options:
|a)General declines in psychological functioning are seen during economic downturns.|
|b)African Americans are more likely than whites to be hospitalized involuntarily for psychological disorders.|
|c)Schizophrenia is diagnosed more frequently among lower SES individuals than among middle or high SES individuals.|
|d)All of these support the inclusion of a social component.|
The purpose of the DSM-IV-TR is to provide:
Question 20 options:
|a)descriptions of the symptoms associated with categories of disorders|
|b)precise descriptions of the symptoms of disorders|
|c)recommendations for treatment|
|d)explanations of the causes of disorders|
Which of the following approaches might be used in psychoanalysis?
Question 21 options:
|c)Consideration of past experiences|
|d)All of the above might be used in psychoanalysis|
According to a behavior therapist, how might psychological disorders be treated most effectively?
Question 22 options:
|a)The client should learn new behaviors|
|b)Maladaptive thought patterns should be challenged or changed|
|c)Unconscious conflicts should be brought to light.|
|d)Neurotransmitter irregularities should be rectified through drugs|
Based on your text’s discussion, which of the following is probably NOT a key ingredient of effective therapy?
Question 23 options:
|a)It provides hope|
|b)It is based on a clear theoretical perspective|
|c)It helps clients think carefully about themselves and their relationships|
|d)It entails a therapeutic alliance with the therapists|
Which of the following intellectual issues would seem MOST relevant to developmental psychology?
Question 24 options:
|a)nature vs. nurture|
|b)determinism vs. free will|
|c)accuracy vs. inaccuracy|
|d)conscious vs. unconscious processing|
According to Erikson, adolescents must resolve the challenge of:
Question 25 options:
|a)trust versus mistrust|
|b)intimacy versus isolation|
|c)generativity versus stagnation|
|d)identity versus role confusion|
A teratogen is:
Question 26 options:
|a)an environmental agent that can produce a birth defect|
|b)a genetic or chromosomal abnormality that may produce a developmental disorder|
|c)any physical defect in an unborn child|
|d)a fertilized egg that undergoes rapid cell division|
Mr. Eseston asks Colin if he wants his sandwich in one piece, or cut into two pieces. Colin asks him to keep it in one piece because he isn’t hungry enough to eat two pieces. Colin’s answer suggests that he
Question 27 options:
|a)has not achieved object permanence|
|b)does not have a theory of mind|
|c)does not yet understand conservation|
|d)has mastered the concept of conservation|
Which attachment style describes an infant who is mildly disturbed at his mother’s departure in the strange situation, but who is easily soothed on her return?
Question 28 options:
Maura and Trish are eighth graders who have been caught smoking. Maura’s parents yell at her, ground her for a month, and take away her television and Internet privileges for two months. Trish’s parents talk to her about their disappointment and concern; additionally, they make her spend every afternoon for a week at the library researching the dangers of smoking and discuss her findings with them each night at dinner. Most likely, Maura’s parents are __________ and Trish’s are __________.
Question 29 options:
Ashley, a psychology major, remarks that she has become interested in the study of intelligence. In other words, Ashley is interested in:
Question 30 options:
|a)the capacity to learn from experience, solve problems, and to adapt to new situations|
|b)how behavior changes as a result of experience|
|c)the factors directing behavior toward a goal|
|d)the ability to generate novel solutions to problems|
The fact that SAT scores are correlated with measures of intelligence supports the _____ of the SAT
Question 31 options:
Which of the following sequences accurately reflects the route followed by nerve impulses when one neuron communicates with another?
Question 32 options:
|a)dendrite –> axon -> cell body|
|b)dendrite- > cell body ->axon|
|c)axon -> cell body -> dendrite|
|d)axon -> dendrite -> cell body|
Intelligence is positively related to:
Question 33 options:
|a)the number of neurons in the brain|
|b)the thickness of the cortex|
|c)the volume of the brain|
|d)A, B, and C|
Yves has been drinking. He has difficulty walking a straight line when asked to do so by a police officer. Apparently, Yves’ _________ is functioning poorly.
Question 34 options:
Which of the following defines neuroplasticity?
Question 35 options:
|a)The left side of the brain receives and sends information to the right side of the body and the right side of the brain receives and sends information to the left side of the body|
|b)The left and right brain hemispheres have different sensory and motor functions|
|c)The left and right brain hemisphere are specialized for different tasks or abilities|
|d)the brain can adapt to the effects of experience or damage|
With respect to the trichromatic and opponent-process theories of color perception, which of the following statements is most accurate?
Question 36 options:
|a)Trichromatic theory has largely been discredited|
|b)Opponent-process theory has largely been discredited.|
|c)Both trichromatic and opponent-process theories have largely been discredited and replaced by newer ideas|
|d)The two processes work together to help us perceive color.|
Why do we adapt after prolonged exposure to a constant stimulus?
Question 37 options:
|a)so that we continue to respond to ongoing stimulation|
|b)so that we don’t become distracted by irrelevant changes in the environment|
|c)so that we detect potentially important changes in what’s going on|
|d)so that we don’t become overstimulated by the environment|
Psychologists use the term _________ to refer to a relatively permanent change in knowledge or behavior resulting from experience.
Question 38 options:
Janine completed several tours of duty in Afghanistan. She suffers from PTSD. Now, back home in Texas, she is frightened by firecrackers and cars backfiring. The fact that these sounds scare her reflects a process of stimulus _________.
Question 39 options:
Which of the following scenarios is the best example of negative reinforcement?
Question 40 options:
|a)Vanna fastens her seatbelt as soon as she gets in her car to stop the annoying alert sound.|
|b)Drake no longer cuts class now that his parents confiscated his iPod.|
|c)Maria now buys a different brand of cigarettes to get two packs for the price of one.|
|d)Nate no longer arrives late at work following a reprimand from his boss.|
Bandura’s research on modeling aggressive behavior using Bobo dolls showed which of the following?
Question 41 options:
|a)modeling could decrease aggressive behavior in some conditions|
|b)boys modeled more than girls|
|c)modeling could teach children new behaviors|
|d)modeling had little influence on behavior|
Memories of which we’re not consciously aware are called ________ memories.
Question 42 options:
When we look up a number in the phone book, close the book, and then begin to dial the number, we are relying on
Question 43 options:
|a)short term memory|
Dr. Schmidt studies the factors that activate and direct behavior toward an individual’s goals. Dr.Schmidt studies:
Question 44 options:
Which stage of the General Adaptation model is correctly matched with a description?
Question 45 options:
|a)alarm-perceiving a threat, or a stressor|
|b)resistance-attempting to cope with the stressor|
|c)exhaustion-experiencing the negative physical and psychological consequences of stress|
|d)Each of the above are correctly matched.|
Psychologists have investigated the effects of daily hassles on stress and health. Which alternative best summarizes the results of such research?
Question 46 options:
|a)Daily hassles have little effect on either the amount of stress participants report experiencing or the functioning of participants’ immune systems.|
|b)Daily hassles influence the amount of stress participants report experiencing, but have little effect on the functioning of participants’ immune systems.|
|c)Daily hassles have little effect on the amount of stress participants report experiencing, but they do influence the functioning of participants’ immune systems.|
|d)Daily hassles influence both the amount of stress participants report experiencing and the functioning of participants’ immune systems.|
According to your text, a positive outlook is associated with:
Question 47 options:
|b)a longer life|
|c)a higher income|
|d)A, B, and C|
Psychologists refer to our awareness of ourselves and our environment as:
Question 48 options:
Biological processes occurring on a cycle of approximately 24 hours are termed:
Question 49 options:
Nigel often cites newspaper editorials favoring the presidential candidate he supports; he appears to ignore editorials critical of the candidate. Nigel appears prone to:
Question 50 options:
|b)the sleeper effect|
|c)the confirmation bias|
|d)the representativeness heuristic|