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Psychology Multiple Choice Quiz 50 Question.


Psychology Multiple Choice Quiz 50 Question.

Psychology Multiple Choice Quiz 50 Question.

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FINAL EXAMNote: It is recommended that you save your response as you complete each question.

Question 1 (1 point)

Your textbook defines psychology as which of the following?

Question 1 options:

 a)The science of behavior 
 b)The study of mental processesPsychology Multiple Choice Quiz 50 Question.
 c)The study of mental disorders and their treatmentORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED, PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPERS
 d)The science of mind and behavior 

Question 2 (1 point)

One morning, Alan wakes to the news that a powerful earthquake occurred in California. “I told you the big one would hit this year!” he exclaims. Alan appears subject to the _____ bias.

Question 2 options:


Question 3 (1 point)

Dr. Harris is describing the assumptions, rules, and procedures that psychologists use to gather observations. Dr. Harris is outlining the _____ method. Psychology Multiple Choice Quiz 50 Question.

Question 3 options:


Question 4 (1 point)

Andrea is reading a general, comprehensive explanation of the causes of human aggression in the introduction to a research report in psychology. Andrea is reading a(n):

Question 4 options:

 c)operational definition 

Question 5 (1 point)

A hypothesis is best defined as a(n):

Question 5 options:

 a)specific prediction concerning the relationship between variables 
 b)specification of a variable in terms of the procedures that will be used to measure it 
 c)broad, general explanation of the phenomenon of interest 
 d)behavior, event, or other characteristic that can assume different values 

Question 6 (1 point)

Which of the following researchers is conducting a case study?

Question 6 options:

 a)Dr. Henriette, who is measuring how fast a group of students can respond to a stimulus. 
 b)Dr. Innis, who is examining the tactile perception of a blind woman 
 c)Dr. Jenner, who is observing children on a playground 
 d)Dr. Kulik, who is combing through newspaper stories on serial killers 

Question 7 (1 point)

The number of violent TV shows that a child watches is positively correlated with the aggressiveness of the child’s play. Why might this be?

Question 7 options:

 a)Viewing violent TV causes aggressive behavior 
 b)Aggressive behavior causes viewing violent TV 
 c)There is a third common-causal variable that creates the correlation 
 d)A, B, or C may be correct but the correlation cannot tell us which one is correct 

Question 8 (1 point)

Which of the following is the goal of experimental research?

Question 8 options:

 a)To assess the validity of a measurement 
 b)To assess the relationships among variables 
 c)To assess the current state of affairs 
 d)To assess the causal influence of one or more manipulations 

Question 9 (1 point)

Psychologists use the term __________ to refer to the pattern of enduring characteristics that lend stability and consistency to an individual’s behavior and serve to differentiate one individual from another.

Question 9 options:


Question 10 (1 point)

One of the most basic or fundamental of the defense mechanisms involves simply pushing anxiety provoking thoughts into the unconscious. This mechanism is termed ________.

Question 10 options:


Question 11 (1 point)

According to Abraham Maslow, a major prerequisite for becoming self-actualized is having:

Question 11 options:

 a)all of one’s lower-order needs fulfilled 
 b)a major altruistic streak 
 c)a very selfless nature 
 d)suffered in the past so one can truly appreciate the good aspects of life 

Question 12 (1 point)

Dr. Handy studies how other people influence our thoughts, feelings, and actions. Dr. Handy studies ____________ psychology.

Question 12 options:


Question 13 (1 point)

Which of the following is the correct definition of prejudice?

Question 13 options:

 a)A negative (or positive) evaluation of a particular group and its members 
 b)A set of generalized beliefs and expectations about a particular group and its members 
 c)Behavior directed toward individuals on the basis of their membership in a particular group 
 d)Consideration of individuals for their personal qualities and not their membership in a group 

Question 14 (1 point)

Behavior that helps others but that involves some self-sacrifice is termed:

Question 14 options:



Question 15 (1 point)

Question 15 Unsaved

Which of the following comments is most likely to be made in a group characterized by groupthink?

Question 15 options:

 a)“I’m glad that we are again in agreement about this decision” 
 b)“Let’s consider the situation one more time from a different perspective.” 
 c)“I think we need to get an outside expert to help us.” 
 d)“Let’s take a short break before we continue.” 


Question 16 (1 point)

Question 16 Unsaved

Your text states that “group members will work harder if they feel that their contributions to the group are known…” Keeping group member contributions identifiable may therefore guard against:

Question 16 options:

 a)social inhibition 
 b)the dominant response bias 
 c)social facilitation 
 d)social loafing 


Question 17 (1 point)

Question 17 Unsaved

Which of the following terms best captures the meaning of the term abnormal?

Question 17 options:

 d)All of these capture some part of the meaning of abnormal 


Question 18 (1 point)

Question 18 Unsaved

Which alternative correctly pairs a component of the bio-psycho-social model of illness with an example?

Question 18 options:

 a)social – irrational thought patterns may be related to depression 
 b)biological – excesses of the neurotransmitter dopamine may be implicated in schizophrenia 
 c)psychological – schizophrenia is more common in low-SES communities 
 d)All of these are correctly paired 


Question 19 (1 point)

Question 19 Unsaved

Which of the following pieces of evidence support the inclusion of a social component in a model of illness?

Question 19 options:

 a)General declines in psychological functioning are seen during economic downturns. 
 b)African Americans are more likely than whites to be hospitalized involuntarily for psychological disorders. 
 c)Schizophrenia is diagnosed more frequently among lower SES individuals than among middle or high SES individuals. 
 d)All of these support the inclusion of a social component. 


Question 20 (1 point)

Question 20 Unsaved

The purpose of the DSM-IV-TR is to provide:

Question 20 options:

 a)descriptions of the symptoms associated with categories of disorders 
 b)precise descriptions of the symptoms of disorders 
 c)recommendations for treatment 
 d)explanations of the causes of disorders 


Question 21 (1 point)

Question 21 Unsaved

Which of the following approaches might be used in psychoanalysis?

Question 21 options:

 a)Dream analysis 
 b)Free association 
 c)Consideration of past experiences 
 d)All of the above might be used in psychoanalysis 


Question 22 (1 point)

Question 22 Unsaved

According to a behavior therapist, how might psychological disorders be treated most effectively?

Question 22 options:

 a)The client should learn new behaviors 
 b)Maladaptive thought patterns should be challenged or changed 
 c)Unconscious conflicts should be brought to light. 
 d)Neurotransmitter irregularities should be rectified through drugs 


Question 23 (1 point)

Question 23 Unsaved

Based on your text’s discussion, which of the following is probably NOT a key ingredient of effective therapy?

Question 23 options:

 a)It provides hope 
 b)It is based on a clear theoretical perspective 
 c)It helps clients think carefully about themselves and their relationships 
 d)It entails a therapeutic alliance with the therapists 


Question 24 (1 point)

Question 24 Unsaved

Which of the following intellectual issues would seem MOST relevant to developmental psychology?

Question 24 options:

 a)nature vs. nurture 
 b)determinism vs. free will 
 c)accuracy vs. inaccuracy 
 d)conscious vs. unconscious processing 


Question 25 (1 point)

Question 25 Unsaved

According to Erikson, adolescents must resolve the challenge of:

Question 25 options:

 a)trust versus mistrust 
 b)intimacy versus isolation 
 c)generativity versus stagnation 
 d)identity versus role confusion 


Question 26 (1 point)

Question 26 Unsaved

A teratogen is:

Question 26 options:

 a)an environmental agent that can produce a birth defect 
 b)a genetic or chromosomal abnormality that may produce a developmental disorder 
 c)any physical defect in an unborn child 
 d)a fertilized egg that undergoes rapid cell division 


Question 27 (1 point)

Question 27 Unsaved

Mr. Eseston asks Colin if he wants his sandwich in one piece, or cut into two pieces. Colin asks him to keep it in one piece because he isn’t hungry enough to eat two pieces. Colin’s answer suggests that he

Question 27 options:

 a)has not achieved object permanence 
 b)does not have a theory of mind 
 c)does not yet understand conservation 
 d)has mastered the concept of conservation 


Question 28 (1 point)

Question 28 Unsaved

Which attachment style describes an infant who is mildly disturbed at his mother’s departure in the strange situation, but who is easily soothed on her return?

Question 28 options:



Question 29 (1 point)

Question 29 Unsaved

Maura and Trish are eighth graders who have been caught smoking. Maura’s parents yell at her, ground her for a month, and take away her television and Internet privileges for two months.  Trish’s parents talk to her about their disappointment and concern; additionally, they make her spend every afternoon for a week at the library researching the dangers of smoking and discuss her findings with them each night at dinner. Most likely, Maura’s parents are __________ and Trish’s are __________.

Question 29 options:

 a)permissive; authoritative 
 b)authoritarian; permissive 
 c)authoritarian; authoritative 
 d)authoritative; permissive 


Question 30 (1 point)

Question 30 Unsaved

Ashley, a psychology major, remarks that she has become interested in the study of intelligence. In other words, Ashley is interested in:

Question 30 options:

 a)the capacity to learn from experience, solve problems, and to adapt to new situations 
 b)how behavior changes as a result of experience 
 c)the factors directing behavior toward a goal 
 d)the ability to generate novel solutions to problems 


Question 31 (1 point)

Question 31 Unsaved

The fact that SAT scores are correlated with measures of intelligence supports the _____ of the SAT

Question 31 options:



Question 32 (1 point)

Question 32 Unsaved

Which of the following sequences accurately reflects the route followed by nerve impulses when one neuron communicates with another?

Question 32 options:

 a)dendrite –> axon -> cell body 
 b)dendrite- > cell body ->axon 
 c)axon -> cell body -> dendrite 
 d)axon -> dendrite -> cell body 


Question 33 (1 point)

Question 33 Unsaved

Intelligence is positively related to:

Question 33 options:

 a)the number of neurons in the brain 
 b)the thickness of the cortex 
 c)the volume of the brain 
 d)A, B, and C 


Question 34 (1 point)

Question 34 Unsaved

Yves has been drinking. He has difficulty walking a straight line when asked to do so by a police officer. Apparently, Yves’ _________ is functioning poorly.

Question 34 options:

 d)corpus callosum 


Question 35 (1 point)

Question 35 Unsaved

Which of the following defines neuroplasticity?

Question 35 options:

 a)The left side of the brain receives and sends information to the right side of the body and the right side of the brain receives and sends information to the left side of the body 
 b)The left and right brain hemispheres have different sensory and motor functions 
 c)The left and right brain hemisphere are specialized for different tasks or abilities 
 d)the brain can adapt to the effects of experience or damage 


Question 36 (1 point)

Question 36 Unsaved

With respect to the trichromatic and opponent-process theories of color perception, which of the following statements is most accurate?

Question 36 options:

 a)Trichromatic theory has largely been discredited 
 b)Opponent-process theory has largely been discredited. 
 c)Both trichromatic and opponent-process theories have largely been discredited and replaced by newer ideas 
 d)The two processes work together to help us perceive color. 


Question 37 (1 point)

Question 37 Unsaved

Why do we adapt after prolonged exposure to a constant stimulus?

Question 37 options:

 a)so that we continue to respond to ongoing stimulation 
 b)so that we don’t become distracted by irrelevant changes in the environment 
 c)so that we detect potentially important changes in what’s going on 
 d)so that we don’t become overstimulated by the environment 


Question 38 (1 point)

Question 38 Unsaved

Psychologists use the term _________ to refer to a relatively permanent change in knowledge or behavior resulting from experience.

Question 38 options:



Question 39 (1 point)

Question 39 Unsaved

Janine completed several tours of duty in Afghanistan. She suffers from PTSD. Now, back home in Texas, she is frightened by firecrackers and cars backfiring. The fact that these sounds scare her reflects a process of stimulus _________.

Question 39 options:



Question 40 (1 point)

Question 40 Unsaved

Which of the following scenarios is the best example of negative reinforcement?

Question 40 options:

 a)Vanna fastens her seatbelt as soon as she gets in her car to stop the annoying alert sound. 
 b)Drake no longer cuts class now that his parents confiscated his iPod. 
 c)Maria now buys a different brand of cigarettes to get two packs for the price of one. 
 d)Nate no longer arrives late at work following a reprimand from his boss. 


Question 41 (1 point)

Question 41 Unsaved

Bandura’s research on modeling aggressive behavior using Bobo dolls showed which of the following?

Question 41 options:

 a)modeling could decrease aggressive behavior in some conditions 
 b)boys modeled more than girls 
 c)modeling could teach children new behaviors 
 d)modeling had little influence on behavior 


Question 42 (1 point)

Question 42 Unsaved

Memories of which we’re not consciously aware are called ________ memories.

Question 42 options:



Question 43 (1 point)

Question 43 Unsaved

When we look up a number in the phone book, close the book, and then begin to dial the number, we are relying on

Question 43 options:

 a)short term memory 
 b)iconic memory 
 c)working memory 
 d)long-term memory 


Question 44 (1 point)

Question 44 Unsaved

Dr. Schmidt studies the factors that activate and direct behavior toward an individual’s goals. Dr.Schmidt studies:

Question 44 options:



Question 45 (1 point)

Question 45 Unsaved

Which stage of the General Adaptation model is correctly matched with a description?

Question 45 options:

 a)alarm-perceiving a threat, or a stressor 
 b)resistance-attempting to cope with the stressor 
 c)exhaustion-experiencing the negative physical and psychological consequences of stress 
 d)Each of the above are correctly matched. 


Question 46 (1 point)

Question 46 Unsaved

Psychologists have investigated the effects of daily hassles on stress and health. Which alternative best summarizes the results of such research?

Question 46 options:

 a)Daily hassles have little effect on either the amount of stress participants report experiencing or the functioning of participants’ immune systems. 
 b)Daily hassles influence the amount of stress participants report experiencing, but have little effect on the functioning of participants’ immune systems. 
 c)Daily hassles have little effect on the amount of stress participants report experiencing, but they do influence the functioning of participants’ immune systems. 
 d)Daily hassles influence both the amount of stress participants report experiencing and the functioning of participants’ immune systems. 


Question 47 (1 point)

Question 47 Unsaved

According to your text, a positive outlook is associated with:

Question 47 options:

 a)better health 
 b)a longer life 
 c)a higher income 
 d)A, B, and C 


Question 48 (1 point)

Question 48 Unsaved

Psychologists refer to our awareness of ourselves and our environment as:

Question 48 options:



Question 49 (1 point)

Question 49 Unsaved

Biological processes occurring on a cycle of approximately 24 hours are termed:

Question 49 options:

 b)diurnal rhythms 
 c)daily rhythms 
 d)circadian rhythms 


Question 50 (1 point)

Question 50 Unsaved

Nigel often cites newspaper editorials favoring the presidential candidate he supports; he appears to ignore editorials critical of the candidate. Nigel appears prone to:

Question 50 options:

 a)functional fixedness 
 b)the sleeper effect 
 c)the confirmation bias 
 d)the representativeness heuristic 
Question 51 Unsaved


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