San Diego State University Criminal Justice Problem Solving Discussion Questions

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Find a scholarly article in the GCU library. Copy an excerpt from the article. This is the article I chose so Copy an excerpt from this article  (… ) The excerpt should be the length of a paragraph approximately four to five sentences long). Post the excerpt as your initial discussion forum post with your paraphrase of this excerpt directly underneath. The DQ paraphrase response must be 200 words and have at least one citation and one reference in APA format. 

Student post example 1) The four most agricultural (farming) common calculators, i.e., the Cool Farm Tool, the AgRE-Calc, the Farm Carbon Calculator, and Ex-Act, were selected as the study items. Among them, the Cool Farm Tool is recognized as the most convenient and effective, while the AgRE-Calc and the Farm Carbon Calculator do not entirely distinguish the scientific geographies of animal husbandry (agriculture, farming). Ex-Act is ill-suited for the livestock subdivision because it is based on changes of land use (is the term used to describe the human use of land. It represents the economic and cultural activities (e.g., agricultural, residential, industrial, mining, and recreational uses). According to model experiments, the most well-organized type of farming in conditions of reducing greenhouse gas emissions is full grazing (grasslands suitable for pasturage). Note: “Full grazing” in agriculture, is a method of animal husbandry whereby domestic livestock are allowed to consume wild vegetations outdoor in order to convert grass and other forages into meat, milk, wool, and other animal products, often on land unsuitable for arable farming). With full grazing, manure is left in the fields, and there are no expenses for the production of additional feed. In this case, the emissions are reduced by 2.45 and 0.84 t (??<sub>2</sub>-eq./head-yr) for cows and horses, respectively (“the Cool Farm Tool”); as well as by 0.53 and 0.42 t (??<sub>2</sub>-eq./head-yr) for cows and horses, respectively (“the Farm Carbon Calculator”).

To reduce greenhouse gas emissions from livestock production, it is recommended that the number of domestic animals is gradually decreased (i.e., dogs are the number one domestic animals, pets, etc.). “The Farm Carbon Calculator”, “the AgRE-Calc”, and “Ex-Act” significantly miscalculate the concentration of greenhouse gas assumption by forests (woodland, plantation). Because of the inconsistency in the estimates between the calculators, only should be used generously compared with the type(s) of farmland, forestry and or plantation volume (Sukhoveeva, O.E. (2021).


Sukhoveeva, O. E. (2021). Carbon Calculators as a Tool for Assessing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Livestock. Published by Doklady Earth Sciences, 497(1), 266–271. Retrieved from:

Student post example 2) Presents an editorial on crime and age-appropriate punishment. Examination of the United States Supreme Courtcase, Roper v Simmons, which will determine if those committing crimes while under the age of 18 should be eligible for the death penalty; United States which is one of the last countries to condone killing minor criminals; Argument before the court which is based on the Eighth Amendment forbidding “cruel and unusual” punishment; Science which shows that the development of the adolescent brain does not fully mature until the early 20s; How development of the brain should result in a finding of limited mental capacity; Call for the United States Supreme Court to forbid the execution of teencriminals.

This topic has been discussed about in many States. Adolescents who commit the crime, their brains aren’t fully developed, therefore in most cases most aren’t taught discipline. Of course many young teenagers know what’s right from wrong but these kids who are committing the crimes are coming from an unloving home or not coming from any home. The death penalty may be too harsh for these young kids, it’s best if they do their time in jail/prison so that as they get older they soon realize and understand what they did wrong. The eighth amendment to the United States Constitution states “excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cool and unusual punishment inflicted.”


Crime and (age-appropriate) punishment. (2004). Lancet, 364(9444), 1461–1462.…


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San Diego State University Criminal Justice Problem Solving Discussion Questions

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