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Step 1: Choose one character from one of the following short stories:• “Cathed



Step 1: Choose one character from one of the following short stories:• “Cathedral” by Raymond Carver• “Wildwood” by Junot Diaz• “Flight Patterns” by Sherman AlexieStep 2: List• Make a list of all the beliefs and values that character has. Beliefs can be religious in nature, but they can also be something secular, like a belief in the kindness of strangers. When you think about values, ask yourself what the character thinks is important in life. For example, does the character think romance is important? What about family? Friendship? Conflict? Stereotypes? What behavior shows the character values this thing?Step 3: Connect• Connect each belief and/or value to the character’s behaviors. In other words, what does the character do or say that ‘proves’ the belief or value you’ve identified. In the essay, this connection will take some explaining and quoting. For example, if you’re making the argument that the character values romance (i.e. thinks romance is important), what does she do to show that it’s important? Does she make special dinners for her love interest? Does she light candles? Write love notes? The idea here is that you observe a character’s behaviors. Then, taken together, how do these behaviors point to a value (or belief) the character has?Step 4: Organize• Make final decisions on which beliefs and/or values you will include in the essay (3 are sufficient). Note that you don’t have to choose the most obvious ones. As long as you can provide evidence for the belief/value, it’s valid for the essay. Consider the order of paragraphs and what you’ll include in each one. Each body paragraph should be about one belief or value (this is your topic sentence) and should be supported by the character’s behavior (this is done through your supporting sentences, consisting of quotes and explanation).Step 5: Write• Write the first draft of your essay (see below for writing guidelines/tips)Step 6: Edit and Revise• For structure, content, grammar, punctuation, transitions, clarity, quote integration, works citedStep 7: Check that all quotes have in-text citations and that a correct works cited page has been included at the end of the essay. See module resources for further information and instructions.Introduction:• Briefly (no more than 4 sentences) summarize the story.Think about the way you’d describe a movie to people who haven’t seen it yet. You want to give enough information to pique their interest – but not so much detail that it spoils the movie for them.• Weave the name of the story, author, and your character into the introduction.• Provide a smooth transition from the story’s summary into the thesis statement.• End your introduction with a clear and direct thesis statement. The thesis statement doesn’t need excessive detail, but it should state which values and/or beliefs impact the character’s behavior.Body Paragraphs• Start with a topic sentence that indicates the focus of each body paragraph. In the case of this essay, the topic sentence should make the claim about your character’s value or belief that you’ll focus on throughout the paragraph.• Include textual evidence (quotes/summary) and explanation that clearly support your point about the connection between your character’s belief/value and his or her behavior.• Make sure all quotes are grammatically and coherently integrated.• Logically end each paragraphConclusion:Now that you’ve analyzed a literary character, take your analysis one step further. Discuss whether or not you think the character is static or dynamic and why.*See “Characterization” PowerPoint and “Types of Characters” video in the Week 2 Module for an explanation of static vs. dynamic characters.Additional Tips:-Read your story at least 2-3 times before writing the essay. You need to appear to be an expert on the story, and one read just won’t cut it!-Use present tense to discuss events in the story-Avoid 1st person (“I” and “me” statements) and 2nd person (“you” statements)

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