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Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services .


Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services.

Please no plagiarism and make sure you are able to access all resource on your own before you bid. Main references come from Van Wormer, K., & Davis, D. R. (2018) and/or American Psychiatric Association. (2013). You need to have scholarly support for any claim of fact or recommendation regarding treatment. I have also attached my discussion rubric so you can see how to make full points. Please respond to all 3 of my classmates separately with separate references for each response. You need to have scholarly support for any claim of fact or recommendation like peer-reviewed, professional scholarly journals. If you draw from the internet, I encourage you to use websites from the major mental health professional associations (American Counseling Association, American Psychological Association, etc.) or federal agencies (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA), National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), National Institutes of Health (NIH), etc.). I need this completed by 03/16/19 at 10am.



Responses to peers. Note that this is measured by both the quantity and quality of your posts. Does your post contribute to continuing the discussion? Are your ideas supported with citations from the learning resources and other scholarly sources? Note that citations are expected for both your main post and your response posts. Note also, that, although it is often helpful and important to provide one or two sentence responses thanking somebody or supporting them or commiserating with them, those types of responses do not always further the discussion as much as they check in with the author. Such responses are appropriate and encouraged; however, they should be considered supplemental to more substantive responses, not sufficient by themselves.

Read a your colleagues’ postings. Respond to your colleagues’ postings.

Respond in one or more of the following ways:

· Ask a probing question.

· Share an insight gained from having read your colleague’s posting.

· Offer and support an opinion.

· Validate an idea with your own experience.

· Make a suggestion.

· Expand on your colleague’s posting.

1. Classmate (D. Ras)

Description of Behavioral Addiction

Several behaviors, besides substance abuse, produce short-term reward that includes repeating the same acts despite negative consequences resulting in diminishing control over the behavior (Grant, Potenza, Weinstein, & Gorelick, 2010). Pathological gambling also referred to as a gambling disorder, has become the first recognized non‐substance behavioral addiction in the DSM‐5 (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). The evidence that supported the reclassification of behavioral addictions as addictions found that gambling disorder including “similarities in symptoms (tolerance, craving, and withdrawal), co-occurring disorders, genetics, and the impact on brain chemistry” to substance use disorder (SUD) (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018, p.198). Problem gambling is a category used to indicate the person has developed some family, work, or financial problems because of gambling but has not met all the criteria of a full-blown addiction (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). The DSM V defines gambling disorder as a “persistent and recurrent problematic gambling behavior leading to clinically significant impairment or distress”, as indicated by the individual exhibiting four or more out of the nine criteria listed (APA, 2013, p. 585).

The past-year prevalence rate of gambling disorder is about 0.2%-0.3% in the general population (APA, 2013). The lifetime prevalence rate in the general population is about 0.4%-1.0% (APA, 2013). According to Van Wormer & Davis (2018), prevalence studies have confirmed problem gambling is concentrated among the poor and poorly educated. There is a link between gambling disorder and SUD as evidenced by the high prevalence rate of gambling disorder among substance abuse counselors where the majority are in recovery from SUD themselves (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). Individuals from specific cultures and races are more likely to present with gambling disorder especially Chinese Americans who have strong gambling traditions (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). African-Americans have higher prevalence rates than European Americans, with rates of Hispanic Americans similar to Europeans (APA, 2013). Indigenous populations such as Native Americans had the highest prevalence rates (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). Other surveys indicate that men are more likely to be pathological or problem gamblers than women (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018).

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