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The rise of Islam began in the early 600’s as the Roman Empire, history homework help


100 words each. Please reply your opinion by those two discussion article. Must be original. Please provide reference if there some source used. 

1st Question: What non-religious factors allowed the rise of Islam? How does the view presented here differ from your previous view of Islam?

DISCUSSION: The rise of Islam began in the early 600’s as the Roman Empire and the Persian Empire were once again at war. With all concentration from Rome and Persia on the war, the Islamic people in Syria and Mesopotamia were left alone to cultivate their civilization. As the war ended Rome was victorious due to its miraculous governor HeraculisHeraculis subsidized Arab leaders and reintroduced bishops into Arabic cities which angered many of the Arabic leaders as Heraculis with held subsidies to some leaders and sent military forces to subdue other Arabic city-states. The Arabic leaders were not satisfied with being the vessels the Byzantines used to enforce their new rule over the Syrian Arabs which caused the leaders to conquer Persia and Byzantine Egypt. The Arabic empire became know as the Umayyads after its conquest of the Persian and Roman Empires. Another factor in Islams rise would be the translation of scientific, philosophical, legal, and literary works from Syriac and Persian in Arabic. This caused the spread of schools and libraries from Baghdad to cities all over the region. This growth may not be as visible as that of the conquest of other lands but it is just as important. The people of Islam were  now given the power to learn with all the new ideologies and literary works translated into their language. This led to the Islamic civilization being organized into a commonwealth of dozen of regions under ethnically diverse dynasties.

My view of Islam has changed in many aspects, due to a better understanding of the rise and organization of the Islamic Empire. Although most of Islams culture is dominated by religion, the organization of commonwealths which were independent in most practices allowed for more diversity throughout the dynasties. I also received a better understanding of Islamic beliefs. Reading the chapters i discovered that the Quran (Islams religious book) was similar to the bible in ways but, differ because the Quran brings together small blocks of biblical narratives or statements. Also the Quran is written from God’s word not Muhammad which appears in the Quran a limitiednumber of times.

2nd question: Describe the trade system. What is the trade system most similar to?What is the most surprising thing in the area of trade?Discuss developments in religion, science and the arts.

DISCUSSION: As the populations grew, the demands for other goods and materials grew as well. The rich agriculture trade was already producing great and positive revenue in certain places. Now through the various trade routes and the interaction of the different groups and societies which specialized in producing unique and sought out items and( in some cases slaves from the African rain forest kingdoms), allowed for the exchange of items and personnel to be introduced, selected, and transported to various locations throughout the world. It also open up for greater opportunities to gain an even higher economic growth in revenue that would eventually help in the survival and strengthening of a society.  

The Afro- Eurasian commercial world system extended from West Africa to China , and sometime during seasonal travel would connected the Islamic, eastern Christians and western Christians civilization to the Indian and Chinese civilization. (298)  

The primary trade routes includes:

The West- African Trade system- Merchants and kings would sell gold and slaves to Muslim merchants from North Africa and Iberia. In the Mediterranean, various groups like the Muslims, Jews and western and eastern Christian would also trade for West African gold, European timber, Indian and Indonesian spices, dye, ointment, cotton, Chinese silk, porcelain, and lacquerware. Muslim, Jews and Indians were able to participate in Indian Ocean and Chinese Sea trade of gold for luxuries.

 3 secondary routes: 

Silk Road offered the gold and luxury trades which connected Iran with China via Central Asia.

Maritime East Africa trade route allowed merchants to trade for ivory, gold and slaves. This route later connected Egypt and Iraq with Swahill Muslim city states along the East African coast and the gold mines of Zimbabwe. 

Volga trade route- It was on this route that the Rus merchant traded gold, silver spices, ivory silk, wine and fur that connects the Middle East with western Europe. Abbisid and Mamluk used this trade route to obtain their fur from Russia and Scandinavia.

The Islamic and Jewish merchants also played a role in the trade system. They operated as wholesalers for import and distribution of eastern luxuries. They also organized the regional production and distribution of raw material ranging from textile fibers to chemicals, metal ignots and pitch for caulking ship planks. 

The most surprising thing about the trade is how these trading routes and various merchants played an essential role in ensuring various items were dispersed throughout many countries and societies. Also, how they play a major role in the survival of these civilizations. If there were no trade routes, I believe that some if not most societies would have died out.


Sivers, P. V., Desnoyers, C. A., & Stow, G. B. (2012). Islamic Civilization by Byzantium. In Patterns of world history(2nd ed., p. 298). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.


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