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write a research paper: how does age affects international students career outcomes

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EDUC 1150

Research Paper Outline (WORTH 20%)

Academic research and writing are amongst the most challenging and important tasks faced by post-secondary students. The ability to locate quality research and discern and clearly communicate the value of that research to others is a distinguishing feature of the truly educated, critical thinker. While many students think their research and writing abilities are strong, the standards in post-secondary are often very different than those required in high school or the workplace. Moreover, no matter who you are (elementary school student to university professor) and no matter what your current abilities, your writing and analytical skills can always be improved.

The purpose of this assignment is to:

1) explore an issue of relevance to contemporary higher education in depth,

2) learn how to analyze and assess the merits of ideas in scholarly papers and other forms of research (e.g., government or business reports; scholarly books),

3) learn to cite and acknowledge the scholarly sources on which your analyses are grounded appropriately using APA format and,

4) introduce you to standards of post-secondary scholarly work by presenting logical, well-structured analyses in a concise research paper outline format.

Requirements:

This assignment is independent. However, it will be done in conjunction with your group project.

1. Find at least 2 peer-reviewed academic sources that pertain to your specific “group research question”.

2. Prepare a research paper outline and reference list in APA style. Length: 1 -1.5 page double-spaced (12 font, Times, Times New Roman, or Arial) plus 1-page reference list.

How to Develop A Research Paper Outline

For this assignment your task is to find a topic that is:

  • “debatable” (i.e., has at least 2 different views on it); AND
  • “researchable” (i.e., you will be able to find articles on it in one or more academic disciplines).

THUS: A paper outline that discussed the physical, emotional, and mental effects of marijuana would not meet the first criteria as it would be descriptive only, with little to debate. A paper outline that discussed whether hockey players who are found to have used steroid should be removed from the NHL Hall of Fame would not meet the second criteria, as there is no academic literature on this topic.

IN ADDITION: Ensure you avoid ethical (“should”) questions such as “should abortion be legal/illegal? Should stem cell research be legal?, etc” for three reasons:

  1. To be effective in an academic sense, such arguments require the use of sophisticated philosophical concepts and arguments.
  2. There tends to be little scholarly peer-reviewed academic literature on these kinds of topics.
  3. People tend to pick these topics because they hold strong views on them and as a consequence resort to making arguments based on emotion rather than logic. Such arguments are not appropriate in academic contexts.

Outline:

Using the following format, provide a hard copy of your thesis statement, outline, and reference list. The outline should be in point form OR short sentences EXCEPT your Introduction and thesis statement (which must be written out in proper sentence format).

  • Title Page (on a separate page)
  • Introduction:
  • Research Statement: (2-3 paragraphs)
  • Provide a thesis statement, which is one sentence that summarizes the argument of your paper. This statement must include both the PRO (thesis statement) and CON (counter point) sides of your research question.
  • An example: For the research question How does social media impact student learning? could write the following research statement:
  • “Some educational experts claim that social media use can improve university students’ grades (your thesis statement-how you plan to argue the question) while others claim that it is related to lower grades” (con-counter-point-a relevant point that does not support your thesis statement, but one that needs to be addressed for a well-rounded argument).
  • Summary of Argument (point form)
  • Supporting source for “pro” side of topic (point-form)
    • Include brief summary of the source
    • Include analysis of the source. Is it sufficient, relevant, representative? Do the conclusions add up? Note: If the source doesn’t answer your research question directly, explain what information it does provide that is relevant to your question.
  • Opposing source for “con” side of topic”. (point-form)
    • Include brief summary of the source
    • Include analysis of the source. Is it sufficient, relevant, representative? Do the conclusions add up? Note: If the source doesn’t answer your research question directly, explain what information it does provide that is relevant to your question.
  • References: (On a separate page)
  • Reference List in proper APA format (a minimum of 2 scholarly sources*)
  • Conclusion. (point form)
    • Briefly sum up your sources and how each contributes to your research question.
    • Draw a conclusion based on your evaluation of the sources and their answers to your research question (i.e., take a stance).
    • Present a thesis statement based on your conclusion (see Resource Links below).

Submission: Hand in a hard copy of your assignment (see Requirements above) at the start of class on the due date and submit electronic links of your articles to moodle titled Contemporary Views: Scholarly Sources.

Resource Links:

KPU Library link for general help in academic writing (thesis statements, citations, writing papers, avoiding plagiarism etc.):

http://libguides.kpu.ca/c.php?g=183909&p=1212998

Sources on how to write a thesis statement and research paper components:

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/1/1/

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/588/01/ ***

http://www.indiana.edu/%7Ewts/pamphlets/thesis_statement.shtml

http://english.ttu.edu/Kairos/3.1/news/paradigm/thesfrms.htm

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/545/01/EDUC 1150: Research Paper Outline Feedback Sheet

Name__________________ Mark________/15

Criteria

Needs Work

Satisfactory

Exceptional

Intro & Thesis

The thesis is not clear and the reader has to read several points/statements into the outline to determine the main point.

The thesis is present in the introduction but the writer’s position is only partially described.

The writer provides a clearly articulated position in the introduction.

Supporting sections

There is often more than one theme per section and a connection to the thesis is missing.

There is generally one theme per section but some of the supporting claims seem to wander from the thesis.

There is one theme per section and the writer offers a clear and convincing connection between all claims and the thesis.

Counter-Argument

There is no evidence that the writer is aware of a counter-argument OR counter-argument is brought up but not addressed.

The writer addresses counter-argument, but does not address it fully.

Counter argument is not only well-articulated, but thoroughly addressed (i.e., explained & rebutted)

Conclusion

Conclusion may not be clear and connections to the thesis and research are incorrect or unclear, or just a repetition of the findings without explanation.

Conclusion is clearly stated and connections to the thesis and research are mostly clear: some aspects may not be logically connected.

Conclusion is clearly stated and connections to the thesis and research are clear, relevant, and convincing.

Organization/Logic/Clarity

Outline is poorly organized and difficult to read – does not flow logically from one part to the next. Technical terms may not be defined or are poorly defined.

Outline is generally well organized and sections are easy to follow.

Outline is coherently organized and the logic is easy to follow. Terms are clearly defined.

Use of scholary sources

The writer doesn’t use scholarly source material well or the material used does not match the argument.

The writer uses varied source material that supports the argument; some sources are more effective than others.

The writer uses several different sources effectively; most or all sources are scholarly.

APA in-text citations

There is little evidence that the student is aware of APA style for in-text citations.

In-text citations generally follow APA, but there are a few errors in citations.

The in-text citations are accurate.

APA References

References page does not include scholarly sources and/or does not follow APA style.

References page has scholarly sources but it is not in APA style.

The references page is in APA style and the source list is scholarly and credible.

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