answer all test questions

issa nutriton

Enzymatic function is influenced by a host of environmental, genetic, and nutritional factors, including which of the following?

Answer:
a. Temperature
b. pH
c. Vitamin and mineral status
d. All of the above are correct

2

Lipase is an example of an ______ that degrades __________.

Answer:
a. organelles, lipids
b. organelle, carbohydrates
c. enzyme, lipids
d. enzyme, carbohydrates

3

Dietary proteins are proteins that “live” in the cell membrane and let molecules pass between spaces inside the cells and spaces outside of cells.

Answer: True False

4

An example of an organism would be:

Answer:
a. A nucleus
b. A human being
c. Skin
d. A kidney

5

Ghrelin:

Answer:
a. A glucoregulatory hormone that acts directly on the kidneys
b. A hunger hormone that acts indirectly on the brain
c. A satiety hormone that acts directly on the colon
d. A hunger hormone that acts directly on the brain

6

Bile secretion aids in the emulsification of ____________ and is produced in the ____________.

Answer:
a. protein, stomach
b. fat, liver
c. protein, kidney
d. fat, pancreas

7

Why does digested food travel slowly through the intestines?

Answer:
a. It allows nutrients to come into contact with the intestinal wall so that they can be transported into circulation.
b. Because the immune system regulates digestion.
c. It doesn’t; it moves quite fast, leaving the body within 2 hours of ingestion.

8

The small intestine is lined with cells called myocytes.

Answer: True False

9

Pick the choice best related to glycogenolysis:

Answer:
a. Acetyl-CoA to ATP, CO2 and H2O
b. Non-carbohydrates to glucose
c. From glucose to stored glycogen
d. From glycogen to glucose

10

Amino acids have three eventual fates in the body:

Answer:
a. Exit the body unaltered, digestion of minerals, generate hormones
b. Digestion of vitamins, form body fat, generate HCL
c. Create new protein, form non-protein compounds, energy transfer
d. Create new glycogen in fat cells, or energy transfer

11

_________is a molecule that’s absolutely essential a) in cell membrane function, b) in the absorption of dietary fat, c) in the synthesis of steroid hormones, and d) in the synthesis of bile salts.

Answer:
a. Cholesterol
b. Ketone bodies
c. Lycopene
d. Branched chain amino acids

12

According to the laws of thermodynamics, energy is never really created nor destroyed – it just moves around or gets transformed from one form to another.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

13

Sustainable agriculture involves things like:

Answer:
a. Preserving and replenishing soil
b. Preserving water
c. Making animal welfare a priority
d. All of the above are correct

14

This course qualifies you to legally offer Medical Nutrition Therapy.

Answer: True False

15

Good nutrition includes using to inform future decisions.

Answer:
a. supplements
b. outcomes
c. newspapers
d. diet plans

16

Focusing exclusively on body composition when making nutrition choices is always healthy.

Answer: True False

17

Non-Exercise Activity Thermogenesis (NEAT):

Answer:
a. Very similar to BMR, usually about 10% higher
b. The energy used for the digestion, absorption, and assimilation of ingested food/nutrients
c. This component of metabolism is the smallest daily contributor to energy expenditure yet has been found to be an important indicator of weight loss or weight gain.
d. Represents the number of calories required to sustain life without movement or digestive activity

18

Exercise Activity (EA):

Answer:
a. The energy used for the digestion, absorption, and assimilation of ingested food/nutrients
b. Energy used to perform purposeful exercise
c. This component of metabolism is the smallest daily contributor to energy expenditure yet has been found to be an important indicator of weight loss or weight gain.
d. Very similar to BMR, usually about 10% higher

19

Thermic Effect of Feeding (TEF):

Answer:
a. Energy used to perform purposeful exercise
b. Represents the number of calories required to sustain life without movement or digestive activity
c. This component of metabolism is the smallest daily contributor to energy expenditure yet has been found to be an important indicator of weight loss or weight gain.
d. The energy used for the digestion, absorption, and assimilation of ingested food/nutrients

20

There is a direct relationship between the amount of ___________ we breathe in and the amount of energy required by the body.

Answer:
a. carbon monoxide
b. nitrogen
c. oxygen
d. carbon dioxide

21

When exercising at a level of intensity just above the anaerobic threshold, exercise can continue indefinitely.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

22

A MET is equal to 3.5 mL of oxygen per kilogram of bodyweight per minute.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

23

The more intense the exercise, and the more muscles utilized, the less oxygen consumed.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

24

Aker 25 years of age, on average, people lose about _______ of their RMR every decade.

Answer:
a. 15%
b. 2-4%
c. 10-12%
d. 0%

25

Protein is needed for tasks such as:

Answer:
a. Muscle protein synthesis
b. Building immune system chemicals
c. Building transport proteins
d. All of the above are correct

26

Unlike carbohydrates and fats, proteins also contain what?

Answer:
a. Carbon
b. Nitrogen
c. Hydrogen
d. All of the above are correct

27

The simplest fat is the triglyceride.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

28

Vitamin A:

Answer:
a. Only vitamin that can be obtained from the sun
b. Helps make up the electron transporter NAD
c. Involved in the formation of visual pigments
d. All of the above are correct

29

Minerals can act as fatty acids in enzymatic reactions.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

30

Vitamins play a role in which of the following:

Answer:
a. Growth
b. Digestion
c. Energy transfer
d. All of the above are correct

31

More concentrated rehydration solutions will not only absorb slowly, they’ll likely cause GI upset.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

32

What term describes having too much body water relative to sodium content?

Answer:
a. Dehydration
b. Overhydration
c. Hyponatremia
d. None of the above are correct

33

Water-rich foods include raw fruits and vegetables.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

34

Rewarding behaviors, not outcomes means:

Answer:
a. Focusing on measurements first.
b. Improve your clients’ mastery of process, skills, and consistency.
c. Build a strong support team.
d. All of the above are correct

35

Unconditional positive regard might look like:

Answer:
a. You make everyone feel valued and welcome.
b. You keep careful records.
c. Be a good team member.
d. You have all the latest studies.

36

The more you know _____________, the better your coaching will be.

Answer:
a. micronutrients
b. calorie counting
c. you
d. supplements

37

As a next action, you can suggest that the client builds on what is already going well.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

38

Outcome goals specify what actions must be taken to get there.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

39

During step 2 of the coaching process, it can be helpful to:

Answer:
a. Know what matters most to the client right now
b. Give a meal plan
c. Teach about calories
d. Give them supplements

40

For Level 2 eaters, a “next level” strategy may involve:

Answer:
a. Not eating so many processed foods
b. Being consistent
c. Adding recovery protocols

41

We like two magic words, they are:

Answer:
a. Eat beans
b. Show me
c. Work harder
d. Pretty please

42

We divide clients into three nutritional levels based on:

Answer:
a. Goals, knowledge, competence/skill, consistency
b. Body fat, strength, age
c. Age, sport, body type

43

For clients who don’t have any food and cooking skills, a possible strategy to help might include:

Answer:
a. Go-to meals
b. Sleep ritual
c. Restricting carbs
d. None of the above are correct

44

For clients not eating enough minimally processed whole foods, a possible strategy to help might include:

Answer:
a. Helping them with cooking/food prep techniques
b. Carb cycling
c. Intermittent fasting
d. All of the above are correct

45

Consistent completion of a behavior can be a progress indicator.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

46

For all supplement recommendations:

Answer:
a. Review the evidence supporting their use
b. Choose only trusted brands and manufacturers that have been independently tested for quality
c. If your client is an athlete, review all supplement guidelines for their sport federation
d. All of the above are correct

47

Level 2 clients still have some limiting factors, but most major roadblocks have been cleared.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

48

Typical training load for a Level 2 client is:

Answer:
a. Less than 5 hours a week
b. 6-10 hours a week
c. 10-15 hours a week
d. They would have just started training

49

Before starting a Level 3 project, establish a clear set of ______________ and ____________ techniques.

Answer:
a. rules, meditation
b. metrics, monitoring
c. boundaries, listening
d. metrics, unrealistic goals

50

If a client engages in Level 3 behaviors too stringently and aggressively:

Answer:
a. Body fat can start to drop too low. Hormones and recovery can be disrupted
b. Behaviors, thoughts, and feelings about food, eating, and training can become disordered.
c. Social relationships and other interests – which we need for overall wellness and quality of life – may suffer.
d. All of the above are correct

51

Level 3 nutrition is a foreign land that most clients don’t visit… and never should.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

52

Biological sex is the configuration of structures, chromosomes, hormones, etc. that characterize males and females.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

53

During the process of injury recovery, good nutrition has three purposes:

Answer:
a. manage inflammation, support immune function, support repair
b. eliminate inflammation, minimize immune function, negate repair
c. nutrition doesn’t play a role in injury recovery
d. eliminate inflammation, support immune function, support repair

54

While disordered eating can manifest in many ways, and in response to a host of thoughts and feelings, one critical factor is often involved:

Answer:
a. grades in school
b. food preference
c. dieting
d. All of the above are correct

55

The benefits of the corporate model include:

Answer:
a. Broader audience
b. Simple integration with existing services
c. Creates urgency
d. Keeps the scale small and manageable

56

It can be useful with the small group model to meet:

Answer:
a. Whenever the clients want to
b. Regularly at appointed times for a set number of weeks
c. Whenever the coach wants to
d. Randomly

57

Some benefits of the individual model include:

Answer:
a. Easy to get started
b. Keeps the scale small and manageable
c. Simple integration with existing services
d. All of the above are correct

58

One of the most important things to consider with conferences and seminars is _______________.

Answer:
a. networking
b. free gifts
c. bringing some actual, practical ideas back to your practice
d. where is it being held

59

Just as with athletic skills, we can all improve with training and repetition.

Answer:
a. True
b. False

60

The following skills are important when considering how you best learn:

Answer:
a. Reading skills
b. Writing skills
c. Research skills
d. All of the above are correct

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